Practicing for Difficult Student Situations Using Tag Team Simulation

Practicing for Difficult Student Situations Using Tag Team Simulation

Educators are often presented with unexpected difficult student situations. Attendees will use Tag Team Simulation (Levett- Jones et al., 2015) to practice difficult student conversations and situations. The Tag Team approach was designed to involve learners in interactive simulations informed by the tenets of forum theater. The facilitator assumes the role of the “director,” participants are the “cast members,” and observers play the “audience.” Participants are tagged in and out of an unfolding simulated difficult student situation. The complexity of the situations may be enhanced by the audience with the use of “antagonist cards” that provide new and sometimes challenging information and directions. Situations are structured as two acts with an intermission in between and conclude with a formal debrief.

Session Objectives
Following this session, participants will be able to:

  • Describe the Tag Team Simulation methodology
  • Use the Tag Team approach in a difficult student simulation
  • Envision the use of the Tag Team approach to improve communication in difficult student situations.


Suzan Kardong-Edgren

Suzan (Suzie) Kardong-Edgren, PhD, RN, ANEF, CHSE, FSSH, FAAN, is Professor and Director of the RISE Center at Robert Morris University in Moon Township, Pa. She is an internationally known simulation researcher, educator, and speaker. She is the past editor of the INACSL journal, “Clinical Simulation in Nursing.” Recently, she has mentored simulation faculty and researchers in the STTI National Faculty Leadership Academy, the INACSL/CAE Simulation Fellowship, and the INACSL Nurse Research Fellowship. Dr. Edgren teaches in the RMU Simulation Certificate program.