Practicing for Difficult Situations Using Tag Team Simulation

Practicing for Difficult Situations Using Tag Team Simulation

Educators are often presented with difficult student situations. Attendees will use Tag Team Simulation to practice difficult conversations and situations. The Tag Team approach, invented by a group of Australian simulationists, was designed to involve learners in interactive simulations informed by the practice of forum theater. The facilitator assumes the role of the ‘director’; participants are the ‘cast members’ and observers play the ‘audience’. Participants are tagged in and out of an unfolding simulated difficult student situation. The complexity of the situations may be enhanced by the audience with the use of ‘antagonist cards’ that provide new and sometimes challenging information and directions. Situations are structured as two acts with an intermission in between and conclude with a formal debrief.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe the Tag Team Simulation methodology.
  2. Use the Tag Team method in a difficult learner simulation experience.
  3. Envision the use of the Tag Team approach to improve communication in difficult student situations.


Suzan E. Kardong-Edgren, PhD CHSE FSSH FAAN

Suzan (Suzie) Kardong-Edgren PhD, RN, ANEF, CHSE, FSSH, FAAN is an internationally known speaker, consultant, and educational researcher with over 100 publications. She recently left a 20-year career in academia to return to the hospital as a nurse scientist, helping practicing RNs with their research and publication efforts. Dr. Edgren served as a consultant on the landmark NCSBN National Simulation Study and assisted with writing the simulation guidelines that followed. She served as the Editor-in-Chief of Clinical Simulation in Nursing for 10 years.

Tony McGuire

Professor Anthony McGuire, PhD, ACNP-BC, FAHA serves as the Nursing Deparment Chair at St. Joseph’s College of Maine after retiring from the nursing faculty at California State University in 2016. Critical care has been his area of practice, education, and research focused on the effects of depression in cardiac patients. As a nursing leader in the State of Maine, he developed an innovative undergraduate nursing program in partnership with Maine Medical Center to increase the nursing workforce in Maine where there continues to be a critical nursing shortage. His leadership resulted in the only Nursing PhD education available in Maine by collaborating with the University of Massachusetts, Worcester, Graduate School of Nursing where he is an Adjunct Professor. Dr. McGuire recenlty received the Distiguished Alumi for service to the profession award from UCLA School of Nursing. He is currently active in nursing leadership at the American Heart Association and recently became an inductee in to the Western Academy of Nursing.

Annie Moore Cox, PhD, RN

Dr. Annie Moore-Cox has been a nurse for over 30 years and an educator for more than 20. Currently working as one of ATI’s Complete Account Executives, she was the Solutions Strategist for ATI’s simulation division for 3 years. Dr. Moore-Cox earned her PhD in curriculum and instruction from the University at Albany and her research interests include online learning and professional role socialization in nursing. She has taught as a full time instructor and part-time faculty member in such schools as Russell Sage College, Suffolk Community College, Excelsior College and Norwich University. In addition, she has served as an administrator in two online graduate programs. She has presented her research at national and regional conferences and conducted multiple podium presentations on leadership, education, and informatics. Dr. Moore-Cox joined ATI in 2014 after 3 years as Vertical Practice Director for NEC Corporation of America, a global telecommunications company, where her background in informatics helped her develop the role as the company’s first and only nurse. She is a past president of the Vermont Organization of Nurse Leaders and the Co-Founder and past president of American Nursing Informatics Association’s very first state chapter—Vermont Nursing Informatics.